Cacao Tree Facts

Updated December 3, 2017

Cacao Tree Facts and Chocolate Facts with Statistics

How many years does it take until a cacao tree bears fruit?

Cacao Tree Seed

Cacao trees typically do not begin to bear fruit until they are 6 - 8 years of age. Some hybrids can produce fruit at 3 years of age. 

How many times a year are cacao trees harvested?

Harvested and Dried Cacao Beans

Cacao trees are generally harvested biannually. However, cacao trees can have flowers and fruit year round. The Upper Amazon hybrid cacao trees are known for producing the most fruit at the earliest age.

How many flowers does one cacao tree have?

Blooming Cacao Tree

One cacao tree can produce over 6,000 flowers in a year. 

What is the most popular fruit in the world?

most popular fruit in the world

We may be a little biased here at Santa Barbara Chocolate but we think cacao is probably the most popular fruit in the world.

Cacao Tree Video:

 

Chocolate Facts and Statistic

 

Fantastic Chocolate Facts

Chocolates are one of the most popular treats for people of all ages; be it a young toddler or a 90-year-old grandmother. We all enjoy chocolate with delight and the best thing about chocolate is that there are thousands of exciting variations available. You can enjoy a hot cup of chocolate on a cold winter nights or a chocolate ice-cream under the sun, chocolate cake on birthdays are heavenly or a delicious chocolate pudding in the dessert after dinner is a great way to finish the meal. A simple bar of chocolate to savor is a great way to treat yourself or a loved one. So, if you are a chocolate lover, we have compiled some interesting facts for you.

Types of Chocolates Available 

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Image source: http://dehealthybites.com

 

Chocolates can be categorized by varying quality and quantities of ingredients mixed with cocoa butter. However, there are four basic flavor types from which several other flavors can be obtained. These four flavors are: 

Unsweetened Chocolate

Also known as raw, this is the purest form of chocolate with likely enormous health benefits.  Basically, it is chocolate liquor (pure ground cacao) that is cooled and hardened. It is popular among bakers as it's easier to attain the desired flavor and sweetness with the unsweetened chocolate when adding in sugar.

Dark Chocolate

Dark chocolate or a semi-sweet chocolate contains approximately 35% chocolate liquor. Cocoa butter and sugar are added in varying amounts to achieve semi-sweet or or bittersweet chocolate.

Milk Chocolate

Milk chocolate contains 12 percent of milk powder to be considered milk chocolate. Chocolate liquor, cocoa butter, and sugar are added in varying amounts to achieve different flavors and textures.

White chocolate

White chocolate doesn’t contain any chocolate liquor (the brown part of cacao). However, it contains cocoa butter and milk powder with a varying amount of sugar.

As per Market and Market report on global chocolate consumption [1], most favorited chocolate is classic milk chocolate by a whopping 50 percent of people all around the world. Dark chocolate, due to its various anti-oxidant qualities and other benefits is quickly gaining popularity all around the world. White chocolate lags far behind when it comes to competing for popularity among chocolates.

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Image source: http://www.marketsandmarkets.com/Market-Reports/global-chocolate-market-164.html

The World Cocoa Production

Chocolate is made from cacao. Since the 1960s, the growing of cacao chocolate has tripled especially in countries in the tropical belt region. Ivory Coast is on top when it comes to the growing of cacao and accounts to more than 35 % of world’s cacao production. The country produced approximately 1.7 million metric tons of cocoa beans in 2015/2016 crop year.

cocoa-bean-production-by-region.png 

Image source: https://www.statista.com/statistics/263855/cocoa-bean-production-worldwide-by-region/

The World’s Chocolate Production

According to International Cocoa organization [2], the candy industry is the number one producer of chocolates in the USA. Both Mars and Mondelez have net sales of over $15 billion. In Europe, the Italian company Ferrero leads in chocolate production.

the-top-chocolate-manufacturers.png

Image source: http://gulfnews.com/multimedia/infographics/general/top-10-chocolate-manufacturers-in-the-world-1.1494563#

The World’s Chocolate Consumers

Swiss chocolate is world renowned for exceptional chocolate, so it’s not surprising that Swiss people are the world’s top consumers of chocolates. Each year, it is estimated that a Swiss citizen eats around 20 pounds of chocolate every year. Germany and Ireland are also countries of chocoholics and come close to Swiss chocolate consumption with the average person eating approximately 15 pounds of chocolate per year. The US is the number one producer of chocolates but it cannot compete with European countries when it comes to chocolate consumption. The average US citizen eats about 9.5 pounds of chocolate year.

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Image source: https://infographic.statista.com/normal/chartoftheday_3668_the_worlds_biggest_chocolate_consumers_n.jpg

Fun Chocolate Consumption Facts

Here are some interesting stats to prove that chocolate is a well-loved food people find irresistible:

It is estimated that the worldwide consumption of chocolate is 7.2 million tons

Women crave chocolates (91%) more than men (85%)

Valentine’s day accounts for 5%  of total chocolate total sales with nearly $400 million in chocolate purchases

Nearly $500 million is spent on chocolate during the week leading up to the Easter holidays

Halloween comes close to second for volume of chocolate consumption. It is estimated that more than 90 million pounds of chocolates is purchased

Despite Africa leading in cocoa production, the African countries consume the lowest amount of chocolate. Only 3% of total world chocolate is consumed in Africa on yearly basis

Although Europe and America lead in chocolate consumption, Asia is now rapidly growing in chocolate interest. Especially in countries where the economic situation is fast improving, it is expected Asia will hold 20% percent of the global chocolate market by the start of 2017

Nearly 40 % of almonds  and 20 % of peanuts are used for making of chocolates

Some Random Chocolate Facts

Chocolate’s aroma triggers a part of the brain that releases relaxation hormones

It takes approximately 400 cocoa beans to make a pound of chocolate

People all around the world collectively spend more than $ 7 billion a year on chocolates

In the US, 70 % of people prefer milk chocolate

World largest chocolate bar, as per Guinness world record, was made by ČokoladnicaCukrček (Slovenia), in Radovljica, Slovenia, on 15 April 2016. It measured impressive 142.32 m² (1,531.9 ft²)

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Image source: http://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/world-records/longest-chocolate-bar/

Eating a small portion of dark chocolate may reduce the chance of heart attack

Chocolate is dangerous for cats and dogs. Even a small amount can cause sickness or even death in dogs

Organic Chocolate can help in preventing tooth decay

• Real Chocolate will melt around 90 degrees Fahrenheit, that’s just below the body temperature hence the chocolate melts in the mouth easily

Cacao trees can live to be 200 years old. Yet their fruit bearing years are quite low and they produce marketable cocoa beans for only 25 years

Chocolate has rapidly evolved into the popular and huge industry that between 40 and 50 million people depend on cocoa for their livelihood. There are over 3.8 million tons of cacao beans produced per year and the production is expected to increase in the future as well.

References:

Sources for chocolate stats are taken from these sites:

1- http://brandongaille.com/26-incredible-chocolate-consumption-statistics/

2- https://www.factretriever.com/chocolate-factshttps://www.factretriever.com/chocolate-fact

3- http://www.worldcocoafoundation.org/about-cocoa/cocoa-market-statistics/

4- http://www.forbes.com/sites/niallmccarthy/2015/07/22/the-worlds-biggest-chocolate-consumers-infographic/#221eeb6712b8

5- http://www.marketsandmarkets.com/Market-Reports/global-chocolate-market-164.html [1]

6- https://www.icco.org/ [2]

Could 2018 see the Start of a Worldwide Chocolate Shortage? 

If you love chocolate, a world without the humble cocoa tree likely isn’t worth thinking about. In recent years, however, global chocolate production has been ravaged by changing local climatic conditions, particularly when it comes to changing precipitation levels in several key cocoa plantations. In fact, in 2016, Reuters reported that the worldwide chocolate industry was already having to deal with a staggering 180,000-tonne raw cocoa supply deficit.

The Cocoa Plant: One of the World’s most Vulnerable Agricultural Commodities 

While consumer watchdogs are hailing recently reduced chocolate bar sizes as a step toward tracking Western diabetes and obesity epidemics, the truth is that reduced chocolate bar sizes are becoming a necessity for many big confectionery producers. 

As well as requiring precise humidity and large amounts of water, the cocoa tree from which cocoa beans are derived is notoriously prone to disease and even minor climatic variations. What is worse, as identified by Dr. Ertug Ercin of Europes Water Footprint Network, many cocoa tree plantation owners don’t irrigate crops and are subsequently wholly reliant on historic annual rainfall patterns. 

How Environmental Stresses are Already Affecting Chocolate Production

According to the previously mentioned 2016 Reuters article by Ange Aboa, almost half of cocoa bean exports from the Ivory Coast in West Africa were rejected in 2016. This was due to the fact that bean sizes were smaller and in many cases acidic due to poor cocoa plant nourishment prior to harvesting. 

What is much more alarming, however, is the fact that the Ivory Coast did not actually suffer a drought in 2016. Instead, dry spells throughout the growing season and intermittent but stronger than usual Harmattan desert winds were blamed for subsequent crop failures. This being the case, farmers and chocolate production companies need to start acting now in order to prepare for potentially more serious changes in annual precipitation patterns.

Could you be Affected by a Chocolate Shortage in the near Future?

If you love chocolate, the last thing which you want to have to entertain is the idea of a world without your favorite sweet temptations. The good news, however, is that at Santa Barbara Chocolate, you won't have to do so just yet. This is because we source only the most rainforest friendly cocoa beans, with each one being hand selected by our very own quality control experts. 

The benefit to you is simple. You get to buy directly from a chocolate shop which sources only the most sustainable raw cocoa. At the same time, because all of our chocolate is certified as organic, you benefit from more wholesome and ultimately much more mouth watering confectionary. The only question is, have you tasted the difference yet?